December 5, 2022 marked the 28th anniversary of the signing of the Memorandum on Security Guarantees in Connection with Ukraine’s Accession to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, also known as the Budapest Memorandum, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine said in a statement.
At the same time, the relevant obligations to Ukraine were not fulfilled. One of the guarantor states – the russian federation – defiantly violated its obligations under the Budapest Memorandum and international law, occupying part of the sovereign territory of Ukraine and unleashing a full-scale war on Ukrainian soil.
russian troops are committing war crimes and acts of terrorism in Ukraine, launching massive rocket and artillery attacks on civilian targets, killing civilians and destroying critical civilian infrastructure.
By attacking the infrastructure of energy and water supply, russia is trying to destroy the Ukrainian nation as part of a genocidal policy.
By shelling Ukrainian nuclear power plants and putting Europe on the brink of a nuclear catastrophe, russia is also conducting dangerous rhetoric about the possible use of nuclear weapons, which endangers the security of the entire world. It is now critically important to consolidate joint and decisive actions to ensure reliable deterrence and prevent any possibility of the use of nuclear weapons by an aggressor state.
The Budapest Memorandum proved that no agreements with the russian federation work if russia retains the physical ability and motivation to violate them. russia’s defiant violation of its obligations emphasizes the need to develop a new high-quality system of security guarantees for Ukraine and the world, which will make it impossible to repeat russian aggression.